Tuesday, October 15, 2019
Risk Management in Brewin Dolphin Holdings plc - Essay Example According to the essay findings aÃ major chunk of its customers and their families have been with BDHP for generations together and this being a testimony for the high-quality services they offer. BDHP is having a unique business model which helps it to earn the confidence of its clients, and thereby it is able to establish long-run and loyal customer relationships. With the help of expertise of its professionally qualified advising staff, BDHP is able to make a personal approach in their client service. BDHP is having about 35 offices in UK, and its employee strength is around 1877 employees as of 31st December 2013. On behalf of its clients, BDHP is managing about Ã £28.2 billion of investments annually as of date. The market capitalisation of BDHP is Ã £728.94m and its net income in 2013 was Ã £33.59m and it is being one of the leading businesses in financial industry of UK.This study highlights thatÃ BDHP is able to maintain the vibrant client relationships with a long-run past performance of personalised services to its customers. BDHP visualises that it has a very good potential growth market with long-run future prospects. BDHP has reorganised its management team with infusion of clear aims and a strategy to accomplish them. BDHP main focus and strategy is that it will usher higher value for all of its stakeholders. BDHP is one of the largest personalised investment service providers in the UK, and they are in the management of portfolios on a discretionary and advisory basis.Ã Ã
Monday, October 14, 2019
Tragic Heroes of Illiad Essay Although Achilles and Hector are both mighty warriors who share the same values, they have different backgrounds, personalities, and reasons for fighting. Homer presents Achilles, the son of Peleus, a mortal, and of Thetis, a sea nymph, as a hero with almost supernatural characteristics. Achilles statue is godlike, his strength is superior, and his powers with a spear unsurpassed. He wears immortal armor and has talking horses. While Achilles is superhuman, Hector is completely human surrounded by his wife and child. As the eldest son of Priam and Hekuba, king and queen of Troy, Hector is the commander of the Trojan army. Hector has strong feelings of responsibility for his community. Troy is a center of culture with elaborate palaces and surrounds Hector and his family with stability. Achilles is a young, complex warrior capable of great cruelty and kindness. Homer always portrays him in extreme passion. He comes to Troy, knowing he will die because he wants honor and glory. He chooses glory and an early death, rather than a long, inglorious life. When Achilles argues with Agamemnon, Achilles reaction is deadly anger (1.190). Although he wants to fight, his stubborn pride compels him to sulk. He rejects pleas to return to the battle. In order to please Patroklos, Achilles finally compromises and allows Patroklos to return to battle wearing Achilles armor. Achilles allows Patroklos to go to his death. Only after Patroklos death does Achilles see that his sitting by his ships is a useless weight on the good land (18.104) which sacrificed many of his mens lives. Achilles is angrier than ever. He tears at his hair with his hands, and defiles it (18.27). Achilles anger, grief, and sorrow is expressed in vengeance. He wants revenge for Patroklos death. Grief stricken and raged, Achilles pursued Hector around walls of Troy 3 times, killed him and tied his lifeless body to his chariot and dragged it (22.401). Hectors fear of death is overcome by his fear of disgrace (7.215-18). Hector is more cautious, practical, and virtuous. Iris tells him to marshal the troops, and he does so (2.802). When Paris proposes a duel, Hector and Odysseus make practical arrangements while Priam and Agamemnon exchange the oath (3.264-317). Hector always appears as a hero of responsibilities. Hectors virtues are the outcome of his responsiveness to society. He is aware that his own virtues are conditioned rather than natural or spontaneous. He has schooled himself to play the warriors role and to be good (6.441-46). He does not question the order of things or shirk his duties. Although they both want glory, Achilles and Hector fight for different reasons. Achilles is an absolute hero who acts only for himself and for the glory of himself. He is an independent warrior in the army of Troy. He can return home when he pleases. His refusal to fight is an indication that he retains his independence. Achilles has no personal grievance against Troy (8.154). Achilles asked Zeus to help his enemies, the Trojans, kill his friends because his personal honor weighs more with him than the lives of his friends. He came to Troy, knowing he would die. He came because he cared so much for glory. He chooses glory and an early death rather than the pleasure of a long inglorious life (18.98). Hectors nobility and sense of loyalty demand that he fight. He is a hero of responsibilities; he never questions his responsibility to Troy. Hector places his life at the service of others. He fights for family and city, but he also fights so that he will not lose the respect of others. Hector is a warrior not because he loves war, but because he is provoked by his perception of his place in the social structure of Troy and of his obligation to the people.
Sunday, October 13, 2019
I Wish to Provide Students with a Thirst for Knowledge The different philosophies on education are complex yet necessary for implementation of some type of educational structure in the classroom. The utilization of a variety of methods seems to be the most effective alternative to not only be an effective teacher, but also maintain an adherence to discipline and create an effective learning environment. The idea of linear seating is too confining for the students and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t allow for much freedom of movement either for the teacher or the students. Therefore, Ã¢â¬Å"podÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"groupÃ¢â¬ seating could be implemented. This arrangement would allow for more individualized attention. Group learning has its place in the classroom, but allowing individuals to grow and learn at their own pace is not without merit as well. Reference information, magazines, books, and colorful yet informative bulletin boards should fill the room. Information relevant to what we are studying and perhaps what the students think of a particular subject or idea would enhance the learning environment. As the classroom facilitator, an effective approach to discipline would perhaps be to allow the students to expand and/or design their own disciplinary procedures. If they are allowed to prescribe the penalties they must pay for inappropriate behavior, they might be more likely to embrace these penalties rather than rebel against teacher/school policies. The teacher should still be the center of instructional guidance, disseminating knowledge to the students. A teacher who takes it one step further, and becomes a facilitator rather than a dictator, however, allows the students to think for themselves, and design effective solutions and results (progres... ...nge!Ã¢â¬ Are they right? Possibly so, but the changes necessary do not entail throwing out old methods, merely amending them into viable instructional practices by which our children gain a fuller, more robust education. The role of an educator in this implementation is easily stated: Ã¢â¬Å"Learn to be an effective facilitator, guiding the students along the path to discovery, while still maintaining a degree of control in the classroom.Ã¢â¬ Continuous learning can be achieved in many ways: continuing education seminars performed during faculty-senate days, professional development classes taught by leading educators in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s particular field, periodicals, magazines, and participating in a MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s program of study. Change is a constant, therefore, teachers must be readily adaptable to whatever changes are necessary to ensure their students have a well-rounded education.
Saturday, October 12, 2019
EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s Brain Ã¢â¬Å"Markedly differentÃ¢â¬ from norm Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The article that I have read is about how Albert EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s gray matter in his brain has differences than the average persons. They are not sure though if it has any links between his great intelligence though. Dr. Dahlia W. Zaidel of UCLA was the researcher on this project. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã She started out by investigating to see if the brain of a genius might show special features. She then examined two slides made from EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s brain after his death in 1955. The slides contained samples of his hippocampus. She then compared EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s brain with tissue from ten individuals of ordinary intelligence from the ages of 22 to 84 qt their time of death. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s neurons on the left side of the brain were consistently larger then those on the right side. Dr. Zaidel noted that these marking were much different from those seen in the other brain of people with normal intelligence. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã She noted, that the neurons in the left hippocampus imply that EinsteinÃ¢â¬â¢s brain may have had stronger nerve cell connections between the hippocampus and the neocortex than his right. She noted that Ã¢â¬Å"The neocortex is where detailed, logical, analytical and innovated thinking takes place.Ã¢â¬ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã With the difference in the size of the neurons are unknown, whether they occurred at birth during development or as an abnormality. She said also that she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know if this asymmetry is related to his genius or not. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã At the end it said that normal brain tissue is usually available for study but there is no brain bank for geniuses.
Friday, October 11, 2019
The use of metaphors, repetition of words and biblical references in ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s speech of inauguration based on Ã¢â¬Å"Analyzing Political DiscoursesÃ¢â¬ Theory and Practice by Paul Chilton Number of Words: 2589 Introduction: Political discourses are made to impress, persuade and to underline ideas to change a country. Politicians use specialized writers to write for them their discourses or use a lot of time to write one, as political discourses are important for the future outcome. For example: To be voted by the people or explain bad situation on an adequate way so that the people donÃ¢â¬â¢t offended.To achieve this goal, several methods are used. But in this essay I will focus on metaphors, the repetition of specified words and the use of Biblical references, using methods given by Paul Chilton in his book Ã¢â¬Å"Analyzing Political Discourse, Theory and PracticeÃ¢â¬ . As experimental territory I used the inaugural speech of Barrack Obama, which he used for his first c andidature to become the president of the United States of America. The Speech by Barrack Obama can be found in the Appendix. My goal is not only to see what and how he used the methods but also what goal he tried to achieve.It is important to have some background information and what the people thought of him. As for America and other parts in the world, Obama stands for a new ideology, he promises America better healthcare, the end of the War and solutions to many problems, always emphasizing that this goal can only achieved as a team/nation but does he succeed to give us this image? What tricks did he use? What is a metaphor? Metaphors are used in political discourses to replace words that the audience doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to hear or could react badly. But what is a metaphor?In literary use, a metaphor (from the Greek: metapherin rhetorical trope) is defined as an indirect comparison between two or more subjects that are typically linked by a Ã¢â¬Å"is aÃ¢â¬ to join the two subjects. As an example we can take following sentence: Ã¢â¬ This Man is a beast Ã¢â¬Å". This is an elliptical form to emphasize the sentence that the Man is like a beast. Paul Chilton is the opinion that, Metaphors, qua models of political realities, as he calls them, are part of political discourses of today and used as vehicles to bring an opinion to a target.  We realize now that all of us speak in metaphors whether we realize it or not.For example Mark Johnson, a philosopher, suggests that metaphors not only make our thoughts more vivid and interesting but that they actually structure and individualize our perceptions and understanding such that each person has a different understanding and thoughts about a common subject.  Metaphor is for many people a device of poetic and rhetorical imagination and development rather than the ordinary language, which is wrong as proven above. Metaphor analysis in Barrack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Speech: In the following points I will reveal s everal metaphors Obama used and will try to reveal why he used them.But also the Biblical references used as a metaphor, or as a bridge to transfer his Ideas. 1. CHANGE IS A MOVEMENT Citation out of the Speech: 1) Ã¢â¬Å"Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath. The words have been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the still waters of peace. Ã¢â¬Å" 2) Ã¢â¬Å"The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works Ã¢â¬â whether it helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is no, programs will end. Ã¢â¬ In the first citation Ã¢â¬Å"rising tidesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"still watersÃ¢â¬ are used as source domains, whereas the target domain is the word Ã¢â¬Å"prosperityÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"peaceÃ¢â¬ . As it can be seen in the phrases: Ã¢â¬Å"rising tides of prosperityÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the still waters of peaceÃ¢â¬ here, the movement is a change of location (rising) or a stationary moment (still). If it involves a movement as change of location, it can be associated with the words: forward, backward, upward, downward, etcÃ¢â¬ ¦ so different directions and movements. The Ã¢â¬Å"rising tide of prosperityÃ¢â¬ can be seen as a state of prosperity that has moved and is changing, while peace has still not changed.This movement of which Obama is talking about can also be seen as a: flow of natural force (Ã¢â¬Å"the rising tidesÃ¢â¬ ) and substance (Ã¢â¬Å"still watersÃ¢â¬ ). In the metaphorical expression in citation 2) the part which acts as source is the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"We intend to move forwardÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"programs will endÃ¢â¬ where Obama is talking about the ideas of the US-government to provide jobs and a better social warranty.  In both metaphorical expressions, I think Obama wants to tell us that all presidents of America had taken the presidenti al oath to develop America.All of their effort had the aim of raising economic development and prosperity and that all of these can only be achieved as a nation with a strong political support from the people. So, the Ã¢â¬Å"WEÃ¢â¬ as a nation, which he uses a lot in his speeches. 2. POLITIC IS A JOURNEY 1) This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous, powerful nation on Earth. 2) Our journey has never been one of short cuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-hearted Ã¢â¬â for those who prefer leisure to work, or seek only the pleasures of riches and fame.Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the makers of things Ã¢â¬â some celebrated but more often men and women obscure in their labor, which have carried us up the long, rugged path towards prosperity and freedom. In the metaphorical expression of the first citation the part which acts as a source domain is the phrase: Ã¢â¬Å"This is the journey we continue todayÃ¢ â¬ whereas the focus of the citation is the American Political life. By saying the sentence Ã¢â¬Å"This is the journey we continue todayÃ¢â¬ gave me the impression that the American people are compared to travelers having a journey to a certain destination.Even though we know that politics is no journey as such but can be seen as such in a metaphorical way. In the metaphorical expression of the second citation the part that interacts as source is the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"Our journey has never been one of short-cuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-heartedÃ¢â¬ whereas the target is also the American political life, like in the first citation with another connotation but keeping the idea of a journey in mind. We can see that in both citations have the same idea of a journey which is given to the audience.The idea behind is that the audiences who are involved in political life are like travelers on a journey, with their common need in life seen as the goal of this journey. The political activities and relation is their vehicle used to reach the goal of common interest.  3. BIBLICAL REFERANCES AS A LIFESTYLE The citations I used here are taken again in a separate chapter using the theoretical rapprochement given by Paul Chilton in part III chapter 10. 1)Ã¢â¬Å"We remain a young nation, but, in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. Ã¢â¬ 2) Ã¢â¬Å"Love is patient, love is kind.It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, and always perseveres. Love never fails. Ã¢â¬ In the 1st citation the source domain given is the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"time has come to set aside childish thingsÃ¢â¬ where he targets the lifestyle of the Americans. It gives the impression that the fights they had about poli tical problems are childish and that they should focus to strive a common goal.In the second citation he uses the same idea, again using a citation out of a religious text using as source domain Ã¢â¬Å"Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is not self-seekingÃ¢â¬ like before the target is the lifestyle of the Americans which Obama criticizes. It is clear that through these citations Obama tries to reason the population quoting biblical references. Comparing America with childhood and telling them that through love only, again the idea of working together, all goals can be achieved.I wont go deeper into this comparison as I will come back to it later on in the text. Frequency of words: To see what words Obama used in his speech frequently and how many times we had to know how many words are in his whole speech, which lies around 2403 words. As such I was able to give the percentage of the most used words. The word O bama laid the most emphasizes is Ã¢â¬Å"WEÃ¢â¬ which he used 62 times, which can be understood as his speech is about working together as a nation and is also a word used in his slogan: Ã¢â¬Å"Yes WE canÃ¢â¬ . Other words he used frequently are: KeywordRepeatsDensity Nation 12 0,50 New 11 0,46America 9 0,37 Today 7 0,29 People 7 0,29 The repetition of these words sticks with the listeners as such the listener will always remember this words and will combine them with the discourse of Obama. As for mind manipulation it is the repetition that stays in our mind. When we are learning or looking at advertisements or when we are learning a song, we always repeat them until we know them by heart. In the case of marketing the advertisements are kept easy and shown more than one so that they stick in our minds and when we have to choose between two product we will chose the one we Ã¢â¬Å"knowÃ¢â¬ or that we can remember of.The same is in political discourses. The more often it is repeated the more we will remember them and believe them. In ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s case using the words Nation, New etcÃ¢â¬ ¦ he tries to underline the idea of freshness in the United States and that it can only work as a NATION. As all presidents the repetition of AMERICA, motivates the American listeners and they feel directly talked to, strengthening also the bond between the people and the nation. Paul Chilton underlines in his book that discourses often use a container concept, which is created by the words used.This container ideology is divided in three structures: in interior and a exterior which are defined by a boundary which are formed in political discourses to a container- nation with political borders given by the speech. As such it is able for politicians to give the fault to others, outside of the container while securing the interior of the container. Analysis of Biblical references Apparently it is customary in American political discourse to employ biblical language[ 8], which is an inherent part of the old American public way of speaking.However, given that Obama is a non-traditional and liberal candidate for president, it is even more interesting to analyze the biblical references he used and give possible explanations why used following citations for his speech. Ã¢â¬Å"We remain a young nation, but, in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. Ã¢â¬ Obama quoted here, the New Testament, 1 Corinthians 13:11, dealing with St. PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s letter to the church in Corinth.The goal he tried to achieve of this particular example is to also aims at the Muslim, Jewish, Hindu and non-believing Americans, to include them too into the speech, for it is a text that is usually read at wedding ceremonies and is not specified to one religion specifically, as it speaks about true love in the following manner: Ã¢â¬Å"Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. It is not rude, it is n ot self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. It always protects, always trusts, always hopes an always perseveres.Love never fails. Ã¢â¬ (1 Corinthians, 13:4) Ã¢â¬Å"When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put childish ways behind me. Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. Ã¢â¬ (1 Corinthians, 13:11) These Letters were written by St. Paul to the church in Corinth in the times of internal struggles and divisions in the church, and when the church was hreatened by immoral influences surrounding the community. St. PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s letter was a letter of criticism and implorement to the Corinthians to stop the arguing and fighting around different problems and embrace, what he called, the most important virtue: love.  The choice of this particular biblical reference could be perceived as ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to spread the ideology of love Ã¢â¬Å"loving thy neighborÃ¢â¬ so that the American people can embrace a notion of racial inclusiveness and ideological diversity, necessary in the time of economic and international crises.Again we can find the idea of a Ã¢â¬Å"WEÃ¢â¬ . Conclusion: It is now obvious that Paul Chilton theory can be applied. We can see that it is the play together of the different methods and many more make a discourse unique and manipulative. But it is important to know in which context the discourse has been written as the context can change the words, emotions and message in a political discourse. In ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s speech we can find the concept of pragmatism, liberalism, inclusiveness, acceptance of religious and ethnic diversity and unity. As such the result of keywords of hi s run for presidency.This is shown by the prominent words employed by Obama: nation, new and America, and a overall dominance of the personal pronoun We understood as necessary in the time of national perilÃ¢â¬ ¦ The results of the biblical references, which Paul Chilton explains as Ã¢â¬Å"onlyÃ¢â¬ way to motivate and capture AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s population, have shown that ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s choice of citations (quoting the Corinthians) was to strengthen the notion of unity and brotherly love among the various members of the American diverse society. As such we can see that his methods were well used and can be found by the methods of Paul Chilton.Obama stands for his candidature through his speech and ideology, world wide as a new wind for America that will rebuild and strengthen the country. And we have to remember that Obama is the first president that has been accepted as young and black person as president. Sources Primary source: Analyzing Political Discourse, Theory and Practice , Paul Chilton, Routledge, 2004 Bibliography: Ã¢â¬â Article Discourse Society January 1993 vol. 4 no. 1 7-31 : Metaphor in Political Discourse: The Case of the `Common European House' by Paul Chilton and Mikhail Ilyin Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics, University of Chicago, 1993. Secondary Sources: Ã¢â¬â University of Louisville, Article by Judith D. Fischer: http://www. law. louisville. edu/node/2720 Ã¢â¬â Online Document, Critical Discourse Analysis by Juraj Harvath: https://docs. google. com/viewer? a=v=cache:j-4vhWbO6a8J:www. pulib. sk/elpub2/FF/Ferencik2/pdf_doc/6. pdf+=de=lu=bl=ADGEESgDn7GSv6cJcZ6acGq5vk-rpp0mNE_qyGy5vUUCMEdg4d1M9efiWLiSgl3CRzYChNf3gQkZQ-saUZib0C5oBU-XVpDkee3pDul94RL3VlIR6nWc4j-OIJTNBkD9oZuSmxh4ybhM=AHIEtbRfcX_PIha4KZfnvwVFTzxPnRNSDA Ã¢â¬â Obama, the Lion in Winter: ttp://www. exec-comms. com/blog/2009/01/20/obama-the-lion-in-winter/ -5 Speechwriting Lessons from ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Inaugural Speech by Andrew Dlugan: http: //sixminutes. dlugan. com/inauguration-speech-analysis-barack-obama-inaugural/ Ã¢â¬â Online Document: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Speeches By Junling Wang: https://docs. google. com/viewer? a=v=cache:HzMPBXpzbW8J:ojs. academypublisher. com/index. php/jltr/article/download/0103254261/1807+=de=lu=bl=ADGEEShaYaCyse11UxuFQk1KY0Zb0oOh15Ng1vgnuIdLSpdkL4Ia5nqoDh1DV-aO46J-bKQV9Fyfc3mz1MrZ5VTIrAnm85bmHXzt4cJZgNLYXFeuExE4wl1-SjUvUuEWd78WR0jiI5aV=AHIEtbT3Yd_sOMwtzg1_LtcSsaQh2FbYGw Ã¢â¬â Wikipedia article about metaphors: http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Metaphor visited on 21 November 2012 Ã¢â¬â St PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s Letters: http://biblescripture. net/1Corinthians. html Apendix: The whole speech of Obama can be found on BBC: http://news. bbc. co. uk/2/hi/americas/obama_inauguration/7840646. stm Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â  http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Metaphor, visited on 21 November 2012  Paul Chilton, Analyzing politi cal discourses, Page 49  Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics, University of Chicago, 1993. 4] Obama, the Lion in Winter: http://www. exec-comms. com/blog/2009/01/20/obama-the-lion-in-winter/  Paul Chilton, Analyzing political discourses, Page 51  Statistics taken out of: Critical discourse analysis by Juraj Harvath (controlled by myself again)  A Critical Discourse Analysis of Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Speeches By Junling Wang  Paul Chilton, Analyzing political discourses, Page 174  Obama, the Lion in Winter: http://www. exec-comms. com/blog/2009/01/20/obama-the-lion-in-winter/  St PaulÃ¢â¬â¢s Letters: http://biblescripture. net/1Corinthians. html
Thursday, October 10, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"By the end, all have achieved a deeper appreciation of the others, a deeper understanding of the value of family, a better life were love, solidarity and understanding replace hatred, sarcasm and anger. Ã¢â¬ Little Miss Sunshine (2006) directed by Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, is an American road-comedy that shatters the mold. Incredibly satirical and ironic yet, is how deeply human as the Hover family is one of the most appealing in recent film history. The film has a fabulous beginning in which you meet each Hoover individually, pointing out their great differences, during their personal moments through a series of montage shots. Throughout the road trip the family suffers many personal setbacks and discovers the need for each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s support. Olive is the youngest of the Hoover family and the central character of Little Miss Sunshine. The film begins with her standing in front of the television mimicking the beauty pageant winner. When she finds out she has qualified in the Little Miss Sunshine pageant she is ecstatic but her Uncle, Brother and Father are not too keen on going. Because Olive is the centre of the family they all agree that it they will go and support but choose not to have any fun. Richard puts a lot of pressure on Olive when they find out sheÃ¢â¬â¢s in the final of the pageant. After listening to her dad talking about winning and losing all the time Olive is scared her dad wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be proud of her like her Mother would be. Olive asks her Grandpa about the pageant and losing and Grandpa tells her Ã¢â¬Å"Losers are people who are so afraid of not winning, they don't even tryÃ¢â¬ , he is not a big fan of Richards nine steps and gives his own definition of Ã¢â¬ËLosersÃ¢â¬â¢. On the way to Florida they stop at a gas station and realize they have left Olive there so they quickly turn around but Olive is still standing there waiting and is not at all worried they have forgotten her because she is the whole reason they are going. A big moment in the movie would be when there symbolic, yellow Volkswagen breaks down and they all have to push to get it started; for once they are all working together and become happier. Despite everything that happens with the Hoover family, the biggest change in Olive throughout the whole movie would be that she finally accepts herself for who she is and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care what people think of her. Richard is the father of Olive and stepfather of Dwayne. A45 year old motivational speaker, he wears pleated pants, a golf shirt and sneakers. Richard canÃ¢â¬â¢t cope with losers, and with his nine steps to success thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all he talks about at home. You can tell by the old technology he uses that his nine steps are not very successful; at this point he is not a winner but has strong belief. When the family finds out Olive got into the finals of little miss sunshine Richard tries to talk them out of going because he could have a big break in his nine steps. When Sheryl tells Richard Frank is staying with them he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really care and asks about Stan Grossman calling in case he liked his proposal. Frank asks about DwayneÃ¢â¬â¢s vow of silence Richard of course, goes on about his nine steps and the whole family is sick of it and tries to shut him off. Sheryl is set on taking Olive to Florida but Richard is being selfish and only cares about if Stan Grossman likes his Ã¢â¬Ënine stepsÃ¢â¬â¢. When Sheryl finally convinces him to go he puts a lot of pressure on Olive about winning. I think Richard changes the most in Little Miss Sunshine as at the start of the movie he only cares about himself and his nine steps but throughout the movie and when he loses his father he begins to accept his family and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care about his Ã¢â¬Å"big breakÃ¢â¬ . At the pageant he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want Olive to go on stage because he is afraid people will make fun of her and he really starts to care. Dwayne is first seen at the start of the movie lifting weights, doing push ups and sit up. You then see him put a big cross on his calendar, by this you can see he has set a goal but not quite sure what it is yet. When the whole family is home, you notice Dwayne doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t talk and writes everything on a notepad. When Frank asks him about having any friends he writes on his notepad: Ã¢â¬Å"I hate everyoneÃ¢â¬ Frank finds it weird and asks about his family, he then rolls his eyes and underlines everyone. Dwayne can not put up with Richards nine steps and when Frank asks him about his goal Richard butts in and is making it all about him. When Dwayne finds out he is colour blind during the trip he gets really agitated in the car and starts hitting his head against the wall, they final stop the car and he lets out a big scream. When Sheryl goes to try and make him feel better he just says he hates his family and wants to be left alone. They agree that they cant do much else except wait for him to calm down, when Olive goes down she just leans her head on his shoulder and I guess he realises he is being kind of selfish and for the first time in the whole movie you hear Dwayne speak and apoligises to the family. While at the beauty pageant Dwayne starts to really care for Olive and tells Sheryl not to let her on the stage otherwise everyone will make fun of her but even though one judge is shocked with OliveÃ¢â¬â¢s dance the rest of the family donÃ¢â¬â¢t care and go up and join her. Dwayne changes dramatically in the movie. Going from someone who didnÃ¢â¬â¢t talk, was very selfish and hated everyone to now really caring for his family, talking and overall a changed person. There are heaps of different film techniques used in Little Miss Sunshine for instance, when Dwayne tries the colour test the music goes from happy music to the music where you know something bad is going to happen and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s when you find out Dwayne is colour blind. The opening and closing scenes are completely opposite to one another. The effect it would have on the audience would be significant, like even a dysfunctional family like the Hoovers can get through tough times, anyone can. In conclusion the movie Little Miss Sunshine was very well filmed, it had a big effect on the audience and the actors worked really well.
Crossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ contains the most powerful presentation of death in the anthology. To what extent do you agree? Discuss with reference to two other poems in the collection Ã¢â¬â Tennyson question Tennyson presents death in different ways in Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢. Each presentation is powerful however; it is difficult to decide whether Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ contains the most powerful presentation because it depends on what type of death the reader finds the most significant. If it is the death of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own life, then Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ might seem more powerful because it is a representation of TennysonÃ¢â¬â¢s complacency with his own death. But, if the death of a friend relates more to the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s personal experience, death in Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢ could be more meaningful and powerful. To some extent I do not agree that Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ contains the most powerful presentation of death in the anthology. Both Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ use imagery of the sea to convey different meanings. In Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢, the sea represents the world the speaker will transgress into after death. Ã¢â¬ËAnd may there be no moaning of the bar, when I put out to seaÃ¢â¬â¢. Tennyson uses the metaphor of the sandbar to describe the barrier between life and death. One side of the sandbar is life and the sea on the other side is death. This is a powerful representation because Tennyson sets out a distinction between the two worlds clearly, suggesting that death should be embraced because itÃ¢â¬â¢s now peaceful and natural. Ã¢â¬ËAnd may there be no sadness of farewell, when I embarkÃ¢â¬â¢. This is in contrast to the normal response of death, which is indicated in Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢. In Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ the speaker displays feelings of anguish and pain, this is shown in the title. The repetition of the word Ã¢â¬ËbreakÃ¢â¬â¢ emphasises the onomatopoeic sound of a heart breaking. It could also be interpreted as waves breaking on the rocks. Ã¢â¬ËBreak break break at the foot of thy crags, O sea! Ã¢â¬â¢ This quote describes how life progresses in an endless cycle even in the event of the death. The effect of the Ã¢â¬ËOÃ¢â¬â¢ and exclamation mark at the end punctuates the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s frustration that life still continues to go on. The speaker takes on a tone of bitterness that the world is not morning with him. Ã¢â¬ËO, well for the sailor lad, that he sings in his boat on the bay! Ã¢â¬â¢ In contrast, the use of an exclamation mark in Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the barÃ¢â¬â¢ demonstrates the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s excitement of death instead of feelings of enragement. Ã¢â¬ËSunset and evening star, And one clear call for me! Ã¢â¬â¢ This shows how the speaker is compliant of death because it is their own life and they are ready, however in Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ the speaker is demoralised because death has taken their friend without warning. Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ both present death powerfully, however Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ may appear more powerful because it uses an expression of grief caused by loss and uses intense emotions, like anguish. Then again, to some extent I do agree that Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ contains the most powerful presentation of death in the anthology, especially in comparison with Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢. A similarity between Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢ is that they both discuss religion and relate them to death. King ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢s death in Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢ can be seen as an allegory for the loss of honour and chivalry in an increasingly materialistic age. Ã¢â¬ËAnd the days darken around me, and the years, among new men, strange faces, other mindsÃ¢â¬â¢. Arthur and his knights at the round table can be interpreted as Jesus and his disciples. Ã¢â¬ËBut now the whole round table has dissolved, which was an image of a mighty world. Ã¢â¬â¢ The presentation of death here appears powerful because it is the removal of a higher authority, which has followers and believers just like religion. If a God is removed, then the religion will fall apart because it no longer has a leader. This makes the death of Arthur seem even more significant because it represents the collapse of civilisation. Ã¢â¬ËAh! My Lord Arthur, whither shall I go? Ã¢â¬â¢ However, Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ uses religious connotations such as Ã¢â¬ËcrossingÃ¢â¬â¢ to describe the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s journey into the next world or crossing into faith and devotion. Tennyson complements this metaphorical link with a spiritual one as he hopes he will see his Ã¢â¬ËPilot face to faceÃ¢â¬â¢. This can also be interpreted as Tennyson hopes to see Hallam in the Pilot, however it is more likely that Tennyson is discussing a Christian God. This is because seeing God face to face is a biblical theme and the transition from life to death in Christianity allows people to join God in heaven, which is beyond Ã¢â¬ËTime and PlaceÃ¢â¬â¢. The presentation of death in Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ may appear the most powerful because unlike Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢, death becomes an end that is not confusing. In Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢ Arthur goes to Avilion, which could be a metaphor for heaven. However, he leaves behind a disorientated world with a lack of guidance. In comparison, the bar in Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ is also a metaphor for heaven, but the crossing is far more peaceful and conclusive. To conclude, I believe that Ã¢â¬ËCrossing the BarÃ¢â¬â¢ contains the most powerful presentation of death because in contrast to Ã¢â¬ËBreak break breakÃ¢â¬â¢ Tennyson is conclusive Ã¢â¬â he is being valiant about his own deaf or has come to terms with the grief of his friend and is ready to be reunited with him. Ã¢â¬ËAnd may there be no moaning of the barÃ¢â¬â¢. Even the structure of the poem can represent the shortness of life. By having fewer words, they can hold more control and capture the attention of the reader. In contrast, Ã¢â¬ËMorte DÃ¢â¬â¢ArthurÃ¢â¬â¢ is longer and this makes the presentation of death less powerful because the meaning may be lost as the poem is read.